Mengenal Jenis Ayam Saigon

Ayam Saigon atau lebih dikenal masyarakat luas dengan nama ayam Bangkok Vietnam, ayam ini merupakan salah satu jenis ayam yang dikembangkan dinegara Vietnam, ayam ini merupakan jenis ayam dari hasil persilangan. Ayam Vietnam masuk ke Indonesia setelah masuknya ayam Bangkok yang awal, namun kepopuleran ayam Bangkok saigon tidak secemerlang ayam Bangkok Thailand. Hal ini dikarenakan, ayam Bangkok Vietnam memiliki banyak kelemahan dalam menyerang dan juga kurang lincah dalam mencari peluang untuk menyerang dan memukul lawannya serta gerakannya sangat lambat.

ayam saigon

Tetapi walau begitu, tetap ayam ini juga memiliki keunggulan lain yang jarang dimiliki oleh ayam petarung lainnya. Kelebihan ayam Saigon yaitu dari fisiknya yang sangat kuat mulai dari struktur otot-otot tubuhnya dan juga struktur tulangannya yang kokoh, sehingga ayam ini akan lebih kuat terhadap pukulan lawannya. Namun seiringnya waktu, ayam Saigon ini menjadi lebih popular karena para pecinta ayam petarung membuat perubahan pada genetika ayam tersebut sehingga lebih baik dari awal ayam ini datang ke Indonesia.

Setelah melakukan evolusi dengan cara menyilangkan ayam ini dengan jenis ayam aduan lain yang berkualitas sangat baik, maka ayam Saigon yang dulunya sangat lambat dan kurang licah dalam menyerang menjadi berbalik baik dari tehnik dan serangan yang cepat dan keras. Maka pada saat itulah banyak para pecinta ayam aduan melirik ayam Saigon untuk mereka pelihara dan kembang biakan. Bagi anda yang sedang tertarik untuk memelihara ayam Saigon, sebaiknya anda lebih teliti dalam memilih kualitas ayam yang baik. Karena banyak ayam Saigon tidak asli atau silangan dengan kualitas yang kurang baik. Untuk mengetahui ciri-ciri ayam Saigon yang asli, anda dapat mengenali beberapa ciri-ciri berikut ini.

Ayam Saigon terdiri dari 3 jenis, diantaranya yaitu :

•    Jenis gundul
Jenis ayam Saigon gundul yang asli yaitu pada bagian leher sampai kepada kepalanya tidak ditumbuhi bulu seperti ayam pada umumnya, jenis inilah yang paling sering kita jumpai dan paling banyak dikenal masyarakat.

•    Jenis ayam Saigon yang berbulu tipis
Jenis ayam Saigon yang satu ini tidak gundul, tetapi bulunya sangat tipis, bahkan bulu ekornya juga tidak sebanyak bulu ekor aya aduan lainnya.

•    Ayan Saigon berbulu lebat
Jenis ayam ini memiliki bulu yang lebat seperti ayam aduan pada umumnya.

Dilihat dari kelebihannya, ayam Saigon memiliki kelebihan seperti berikut :
•    Ayam Saigon asli memiliki struktur tulangan yang besar dan kokoh dan juga kulitnya lebih tebal dan cukup keras.

•    Ukuran dan bobot ayam ini juga dapat melebihi ukuran dan bobot pada jenis ayam birma.

Namun bagi anda yang tertarik memiliki ayam Saigon asli, anda juga harus mengatahui beberapa kekurangan yang dimiliki ayam Saigon sebelum melalu proses evolusi yang diantaranya yaitu :
•    Jika ayam asli Saigon seperti yang didatangkand ari Vietnam pertama kali memiliki kelemahan dalam menyerang yang lambat da tehnik menyerang yang kurang baik.

•    Bulunya yang jarang dan mudah patah jika terkena pukulan lawan, sehingga tampilannya kurang gagah dan menarik seperti ayam Bangkok pada umumnya.

Nah, itulah sedikit penjelasan mengenai ayam Saigon atau ayam Vietnam, semoga informasi diatas dapat bermanfaat dan sampai jumpa.

sumber: http://infounik.org/mengenal-jenis-ayam-saigon.html

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Peserta Kontes Ayam Nusantara Membludak

Peserta Kontes Ayam Nusantara Membludak

ILUSTRASI

ILUSTRASI (INT)

RADAR SELATAN.CO.ID — H+3 pelaksanaan Kontes Ayam Nusantara, jumlah pendaftar terus meningkat, panitia pelaksana bahkan sudah kewalahan menerima calon pendaftar.

Panitian pelaksana, Alvis mengaku sudah mengantongi ratusan calon pendaftar dari berbagai daerah termasuk di luar Pulau Jawa. Padahal, pihaknya hanya menargetkan sebanyak 150 peserta.

“Sudah ada dari Kendari, Sidrap, Sinjai, Jeneponto, Bantaeng. Bahkan ada juga dari Pulau Jawa,” ungkap Alvis saat dihubungi via selular,” Rabu, 25 Mei 2016.

Meski demikian, pihaknya belum bisa menerima para calon pendaftar lantaran penentuan atau kepastian peserta kontes ditentukan dari hasil penjaringan bobot ayam.

“Pendaftar bisa dikatakan resmi ketika panitia sudah melakukan penjaringan (timbang bobot ayam). Kalau itu sudah dilakukan, maka peserta cukup menunggu lawan tanding sesuai kelas yang diikuti,” jelasnya.

Kontes Ayam Nusantara akan digelar Sabtu, 28 Mei 2016 di gedung Juang 45 Bulukumba. Adapun kelas kontes yang disediakan yakni Platinum dan Premium. Untuk Platinum biaya pendaftaran Rp500 ribu dan Premium Rp2,2 juta.
Haswandi Ashari/ RADAR SELATAN.co.id

sumberr: http://radarselatan.fajar.co.id/2016/05/25/peserta-kontes-ayam-nusantara-membludak/

ASAL MUASAL AYAM

Seringkali kita menemui ayam ataupun produk hasil ayam itu sendiri, tanpa mengetahui sejarah ayam. Ayam sudah cukup populer di negeri ini, dari desa sampai kota semuanya sudah mengenal ayam. Daging ayam yang memiliki tekstur lembut, dan harga yang relatif terjangkau menjadi alasan berkembangnya ayam di negeri ini.

ayam-kmpung1Ayam yang kita pelihara atau yang disebut Gallus gallus domesticus merupakan unggas yang biasa dipelihara orang untuk dimanfaatkan untuk keperluan hidup pemeliharanya. Ayam peliharaan ini merupakan keturunan langsung dari salah satu subspesies ayam hutan merah (Gallus gallus) atau ayam bankiva (bankiva fowl).

Kawin silang antarras ayam telah menghasilkan ratusan galur unggul atau galur murni dengan berbagai macam fungsi, yang paling umum adalah ayam potong dan ayam petelur

Lebih dari 4000 tahun yang lalu, orang – orang yang tinggal di tempat yang sekarang bernama India mendomestikasi ayam hutan lokal yang merupakan asal muasal ayam modern kita. Dari lembah Indus, praktek memelihara Gallus gallus disekitar rumah menyebar ke berbagai daerah. Sekitar 500 tahun SM ayam yang didomestikasi tersebut telah mencapai Korea di timur dan Mediterania di barat. Pada tahun 1000 M, ayam – ayam di besarkan di peternakan di Islandia, Madagaskar, Bali, dan Jepang. 500 tahun kemudian, ketika ayam pertama mencapai Amerika mendarat dari kapal Columbus, ayam hutan yang sederhana menaklukkan dunia.

Semua ayam modern merupakan keturunan dari Gallus gallus dari India, tetapi pada tahapan awal beberapa keturunan dan verietas telah berkembang (semua ayam yang berasal dari keturunan yang sama memiliki bentuk yang sama; varietas dalam keturunan berbeda dalam hal warna bulu ayam).

Orang orang Cina kuno sudah kenal dengan beberapa jenis ayam, dan begitu juga dnegan orang Yunani. Selama ribuan tahun ayam-ayam diternakkan bukan karena kualitas mereka sebagai ayam pedaging (broiler) atau ayam petelur, tetapi untuk semangat berjuang mereka atau nilai mereka sebagai benda yang unik, seperti kemampuan bertarung, keberadaan jengger di kepala, ataupun bulu yang menarik.

Di Asia, peternakan menjamur selama beberapa abad, dan beberapa breed superior telah dikembangkan. Sementara di peternakan ayam Eropa, meskipun tersebar luas, tetap menjadi pekerjaan sampingan. Usaha peternakan unggas, jika ada, lebih diarahkan menuju angsa daripada ayam.

Setelah perang agama yang merusak dan revolusi petani pada abad ke -16, ayam berhenti menjadi pemandangan yang umum di kota-kota Eropa atau halaman peternakan. Kebanyakan orang menghabiskan seluruh hidup mereka tanpa pernah merasakan ayam. Hal ini berubah secara dramatis pada abad ke -18 dan ke -19, ketika pengenalan ternak berkualitas dari Asia secara hebat menstimulasi kepentingan ekonomis dari ayam.

Ayam broiler breeder sekarang ini dikembangkan dari dua sumber keturunan utama. Untuk garis paternal digunakan keturunan White Cornish. Keturunan ini dikembangkan di Inggris abad ke -19 dari ayam aduan Asia. Keturunan White Plymouth Rock, dikembangkan terutama di USA selama paruh pertama abad ke -20, digunakan sebagai sumber garis maternal broiler. Keturunan Cornish pada keadaan aslinya, lebih terspesialisasi pada pertumbuhan otot (dada), sementara ayam betina White Plymouth Rock adalah ayam petelur terbaik dari kedua jenis.

Referensi:

id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ayam

CP Broiler breeder Guide principles

HERB AS FEED ADDITIVE AND FEED SUPPLEMENT TO INCREASE BRIEF EFFICIENCY AND HEALTH

 

SP013

HERB AS FEED ADDITIVE AND FEED SUPPLEMENT TO INCREASE BRIEF EFFICIENCY AND HEALTH

Traditional medicinal herbs from natural ingredients of herbs have been used for generations by our ancestors to maintain stamina and treat some types of diseases. Traditional herb is often known as herbal medicine. Nowadays herbal medicine is not only used for humans only, but herbal medicine has started to be known among poultry farmers. They use some medicinal plants as traditional medicine for livestock as a substitute for factory-made drugs that are considered quite expensive, especially for middle-scale breeders down.

Since the monetary crisis to the present price of manufactured medicines perceived farmers are quite expensive. On the other hand, dose reduction or no administration of drugs, vitamins and vaccines in the maintenance of broiler chickens will cause a serious problem that is a decrease in health or even an increase in mortality. This will lead to a decrease in production so that no production standards are achieved. In addition to the price of drugs is quite expensive, the provision of drugs, antibiotics, hormones or vitamins in excessive broiler chickens feared will also affect the decline in the quality of meat, so that if consumed by humans continuously in the long term feared would be dangerous for his health.

The advantages and continuous use of drugs in the body can be a residue and little by little will be buried in the human body that can ultimately interfere with human health. From both of these reasons the breeder seeks to find another alternative as a substitute for factory-made drugs that is by utilizing some medicinal plants to be given to the livestock. Herbal medicine for these animals can be made by themselves at a relatively cheap price. The manner and rules of administration may be in the form of a solution mixed in drinking water or in the form of simplicia (flour) mixed into the ration as feed additive or feed supplement.

The purpose of feed additive in rations is to improve consumption, digestibility and endurance and reduce stress levels in broiler chickens. Additive feeds that are added generally use antibiotics. The use of antibiotics as feed additives results in residual carcass in broiler chickens. If chicken meat is consumed by humans then feared will become resistance to the antibiotic. This is different from the nature of herbal medicine, where herbal medicine for cattle is efficacious as feed additive and not an antibiotic, so not harmful to humans, even proven to increase consumption and appetite of broiler chickens.

Medicinal plants and their functions

Indonesia is known as a biodeversity country rich in flora and fauna. Several thousand types of medicinal plants exist in Indonesia. Indigenous medicinal plants of Indonesia are very potential to be used as additional feed ingredients (“feed supplement”) as well as “feed additives” mixed in drinking water. Some experts say that by giving some medicinal plants such as turmeric, garlic and papaya leaves mixed with poultry drinking water, can be avoided from bird flu disease. Besides, several other medicinal plants are efficacious to increase appetite such as temu lawak, galangal, ginger, kencur and aloe vera. While giving cat flour whiskers mixed in ransumnya known to facilitate the metabolism process in the chicken body so as to increase the growth and endurance of broiler chickens. According to Iin (2009) in Alex riana (2010) explains there are several medicinal plants that efficacious for chicken cattle, including:

Turmeric (Curcuma domestica), known as anti oxidant, anti microbial and anti-inflammatory. Turmeric contains essential oils of the monoterpen and sesquitterpen groups, yellow dye called kurkuminoid, protein, phosphorus, potassium, iron and vitamin C.

Ginger (Curcuma xanthorrhiza) can increase appetite, anti oxidant, anti microbial, anti cholesterol and anemia. Nutrients contained in temu lawak are kurkumin, kurkuminoid, mineral, essential oil, fat oil, carbohydrate and protein. Ginger and turmeric can be consumed in the form of beverages to prevent increased concentrations of cytokines in the body due to AI virus invasion with sub-type H5N1. This is effective, considering that the curcuma content present in both of them is potential as an inhibitor of cytokine synthesis

Giring (Curcuma heyneana), usually used for worm medicine

Temuireng (Curcuma aeruginosarhizome) is useful as a worm medicine and increases appetite. In temuireng contains many essential oils, tannins and kurkumenol.

Morinda citrifolia is an anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic and deadly bacteria that cause infection. In this mengkudu contains terpenoid substances, anti-bacterial substances and scolopetin.

Aloe vera plant. Aloe vera has containemodin and scutellaria which function as antiviral. The material is capable of destroying the enzymes contained in the bird flu virus

Papaya leaf (Carica papaya, Linn). Papaya leaf is efficacious as an amoeba killer drug and as a worm medicine and help increase appetite.

Worm (lumbricus rubellus) is a very high protein source of 76%. The benefits of these worms are the presence of antibacterial and inhibit the growth of E. Colk bacteria, increase endurance, increase appetite, as drugs etc.

Chairman of the Indonesian Association of Veterinary Poultry says that in Indonesia itself is currently available quite a lot of herbal ingredients that can be used to ward off the spread of bird flu virus. Medicinal plants are aloe vera, temulawak, and turmeric. While Sri Sulandri (researcher from LIPI) said that the routine provision of livestock herbs consisting of turmeric, galangal, temulawak, kencur and mengkudu fruit given to poultry can serve as stamina is to nourish and increase appetite.

Benefits and Results

From the results of research and the opinion of experts concluded that the provision of medicinal herbs or medicinal plants are mixed both in feed rations and chicken drinking water can be useful or efficacious for (1). increase chicken endurance (2) increase chicken weight growth (3). reduce the mortality rate and the number of sick chickens (4) increase the farmer’s income (5). get the non-cholesterol chicken because the resulting fat is reduced (6). get a smelling chicken carcass and fresh color and (7) reduce the smell of chicken manure (ammonia). Other benefits are the price of herbal medicine is cheaper, maintain stamina, increase appetite, prevent and treat some diseases such as respiratory diseases (Snot and CRD), coccidiosis, diarrhea and green stools and avoiding avian from avian influenza virus (Avian Influenza / AI).

The benefits of herbal medicine for livestock have long been studied by several researchers. One was done by Mr. Sumadi, as a researcher and also as a lecturer at one university in Semarang. He composed a medicinal plant consisting of chili Javanese (Piper retrofractum Vahl), rhizomes extract (Curcuma xanthorriza Roxb), rhizome extracts (Curcuma aeruginosa Roxb), lempuyang fragrant powder (Zingiber aromaticum, Val), honey bees, sugar cane as natural preservatives, and water. The herb is given to the chicken as an antidote to avian influenza spread. In the test try, he put the dead chickens infected with bird flu around the cage. From the results of the test was found the chickens were given herbs results of his concoction turned out all the chickens that escape treatment is not infected with bird flu. The test results were then investigated more thoroughly by Veterinary Center wates, Yogyakarta. And it turns out positive results. The herbs were given a positive response to the growth of chickens, had better chicken stamina (rarely sick and low mortality), very low carcass fat, the smell of meat and eggs are not fishy, ​​the yolk color is more orange / score above 7, and the smell of chicken manure (ammonia) around the cage is much less.

Similarly, from the results of trials conducted by Alex riana is a student of SMKN Agriculture Kab. Brass. From the test results try to the chickens are given herbal medicine results obtained the following results:

Table 1. Differences in the productivity of chickens given herbs and without herbal medicine with a maintenance period of 32 days

Honey and Relationship With Chicken Fighters

http://manfaat.co.id/manfaat-madu
honey

The honeybee is one of the signs of the greatness of the Almighty. in this universe. Within a day the bees collect nectar from flowers and stalks of 250,000 to produce 1 kg of honeybee must perform 81 400 times flight or equal to 1.056.000 km distance. It proves how much energy that honeybees can fly like that (tuh Bees tired back and forth

Another study published in the Journal of Applied
Physiology shows that a low glycemic index of honey can reduce the risk of sugar shortage (hypoglycemia) during exercise and increase inventory
carbohydrates during exercise. The glycemic index is a measure of the rate of carbohydrate absorption and the ability of carbohydrates to increase glucose concentration
blood in a certain time. This shows that honey is very good consumed especially for activities that require high stamina. In general honey efficacious to produce energy, increase endurance and stamina.

As far as the use of honey as a tonic or chicken power amplifier based
experience so that research has to be done to get the data
Scientifically about the effect as a tonic or power amplifier. These results are expected to be used as the science of pre-clinical data underlying the use of honey as a tonic.

Explanation of honey
Honey is a natural liquid generally has a sweet taste, produced by honey bees, pollen from plants, or other parts of the plant or excretion of nutritious and high nutritious insects.
Honey is made up of sugars like glucose and fructose and minerals such as magnesium, potassium, calcium, sodium, chlorine, sulfur, iron and phosphate. Honey also contains vitamins B1, B2, C, B6 and B3 whose composition varies according to the quality of nectar and pollen.
In addition, honey also has a small amount of copper, iodine, and zinc as well as some types of hormones.

Quality honey
The quality of honey is determined by several things including harvest time honey, moisture content, honey color, flavor and honey. Honey harvest time should be
done at the right time, that is when the honey has matured and the cells begin to be covered by honeybees. In addition to the water content contained in honey as well
affect the quality of honey. A good honey is that the moisture content is about 17-21 percent.

Benefits of honey for chicken
In the health of chicken fighter, honey nutritious to produce energy, increase endurance and stamina.
There are some Bebotho Require eating honey before the chicken competes.

translated from the site

http://papaji.forumotion.com/t1109-madu-dan-hubungan-with-ayung-petarung

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